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Who is a Survivor?

Text explaining "survivor" as an empowering term used for those impacted by violence and harassment, offering support and respect for personal term preference.
From UCSB CARE's Resource Guide


What is interpersonal violence?

This is an umbrella term used to categorize several experiences and/or crimes which are outlined below that involve violence or harm between individuals often who know one another and the harm can be relational, sexual, partner-based, or even from a friend or acquaintance. 

Below are  the California legal definitions which may or may not represent all experiences. 

VAWA (violence abuse) crimes, Dating/Domestic violence, sexual assault and/or stalking

Sexual Assault:  Sexual contact that occurs without consent of the survivor by means of force, violence, duress, menace or fear of unlawful bodilynjury OR a person is prevented from resisting by an intoxicating substance OR a person is at the time unconscious of the nature of the act OR they are uncapable of giving legal consent because of a developmental or physical disability. 

Examples include:

Penetration of the survivors body

Attempted penetration of the survivors body

Unwanted sexual touching

Forcing a survivor to perform sexual acts on the suspects body

California Penal Code 261 and related subsections

Domestic or dating violence: Abuse committed against an intimate partner .The violence is physical or sexual or threatens the use of physical force against an intimate partner.  California Penal Code 243(e)(1) and/or 273.5 of the penal code. 

Stalking: Repeated and unwanted following and/or harassment  towards a person that would cause a reasonable person to feel fear for their safety. 646.9 of the California Penal Code and 653m(a)/(b) of the Penal Code 

Sexual Harassment: Sexual harassment is not a criminal crime, although I will document it when it is connected to one of the above crimes I would ask Title 9 since they handle these types of complaints.


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